Film contracts and agreements protect your film`s rights and are necessary to avoid miscommunication and risk at every stage, from pre-production to distribution. Agreements must be reached with your production team, staff and crew before the main photography begins. This is a simple debate about the agreements used in hiring. The development of these agreements can often involve complex negotiations because of individual needs and relevant trade union rules. A full list of SAG rules and regulations can be find on their official website. There are two types of crew members. Above the line, the crew members are the ones who control the aesthetics of a film, such as the director, producer and cameraman, to name a few. Beyond the line, crew members are usually paid a lump sum, as stipulated in their employment contracts. These agreements most likely contain very complex terms and provisions which, because of the nature and breadth of their work on a film, are necessary for their counterparts under the line. The basic agreement required for an LLC is called an enterprise agreement that establishes the rules of the LLC and is comparable to a “shareholder pact” for a company. The enterprise agreement must address key issues such as management control, the extent of LLC`s business, the filmmakers` personal role and royalties, as well as the role and obligations of investors, as well as the priority and allocation of the return on their investments. While many people do not like to discuss the dissolution of a business at the time of its creation, the enterprise agreement should nevertheless address what would be necessary if the LLC were to be dissolved or if new members were to be added due to death, disability or budget deficit.
Post-production refers to the time spent in film production, when filming is over and the film is worked, which requires the help of editors and composers. The joint agreements required during this period include drafting contracts and composers` contracts. Like actors, writers and composers may also belong to a guild or union that may affect the nature and complexity of their agreements. However, the agreements generally cover the duration of employment, the employment rate and should also cover the owner of the final product. Publishers are typically hired on a “work-for-hire” basis, which allows the manufacturer to retain ownership of the machined product. Often, compensation is divided according to the number of editions of the film or the number of compositions that must be written by the composer. It is not uncommon for a film to use many publishers at the same time, and that is why it is important to divide the agreement in this way to ensure that the producer can continue to adjust more publishers when needed. Deal memos are often a good idea because they contain all important information on a clear page and copies can be provided to all crew members.
Because of its length, a deal memo is easy to reference, which is especially important in case of conflict.